Type 2 Diabetes Management

All types of diabetes are associated with out-of-range blood sugar levels. But, type 2 diabetes is a progressive disorder that can cause severe damage to several body organ systems. So, it is essential to have a strategic approach to successful diabetes management. It is necessary to all diabetes types. But, since 90% of patients suffer from type 2 diabetes, you must create an efficient strategy as soon as you are diagnosed with it.

Understanding type 2 diabetes

There are different types of diabetes. Thus, you must understand this type of diabetes thoroughly before designing suitable strategies. At times, people do not see much difference in these types of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are considerably different from one another. The primary difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is the age of onset of the disorder in patients and the amount of insulin produced. Type 1 diabetes occurs in children due to sudden discontinuation of insulin production. However, type 2 diabetes occurs in adults due to gradual resistance to insulin. But, these different types of diabetes have a distinct impact on a body. Type 2 diabetes is harder to diagnose. It is gradual and progressive in nature, while symptoms of type 1 are more drastic and relatively rare.

Explore the strategies

For treatment of type2 diabetes, you need a five-pronged strategic effort.

Diabetic diet and exercise:

Diabetics must aim for 30 minutes of aerobic exercises that you can enjoy. Most people get this type of diabetes due to a sedentary lifestyle. You do not need to be a calorie counter. But, you must follow a low GI diet, designed by a nutritionist.


Some people can control blood sugar levels with a diabetic diet and exercise alone. However, most diabetics need medication. Some can limit medication to the intake of oral medicine that improves the sensitivity of body tissue to insulin. Others have to take oral medication that encourages the body to produce more insulin. Insulin injections are given to patients if all these medications fail to control blood sugar levels.

Mind and body:

You will need to lose weight and maintain it within a healthy range to live a healthy and active life with diabetes. However, your mind plays a role too. Any stress can lead to a higher blood sugar levels. So, a diabetic must develop certain stress reducing techniques. For example, deep breathing, meditation, music, etc. That is more suitable for a diabetic than stress eating.

Check yourself:

Type 2 diabetes is known as one of the silent killers due to its progressive nature. It can easily lead to kidney failure, heart disease or vision loss. A simple foot injury can lead to gangrene and amputation. So, you must check blood sugar level frequently. You must measure the impact of blood sugar on organ systems quarterly or bi-annually. This will assist you with early diagnosis and effective treatment.

In medicine, there is a so called “3P’s” that could indicate a pending diabetes to occur. They are polyphagia (or increased hunger or food carvings), polydipsia (or increased thirst), and polyuria (or increased frequency in urinating). When these 3P’s are seen in an individual, an early intervention must be done to prevent it. Lifestyle modification is the primary goal objective in the intervention. With these, you would be able to prevent symptoms of type 2 diabetes form getting to your life.

Implement these strategies with a recommendation from a diabetes specialist. All the best, diabetics!

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