Causes of Hemorrhoids and Treatment

What is the cause of hemorrhoids? Before discussing hemorrhoids causes, lets have a look at what hemorrhoids are. Hemorrhoids or piles are expanded blood vessels in the anus. They are caused by too much pressure in the rectum which causes the vein to expand and form a lump called a hemorrhoid. Read on for the causes of hemorrhoids.

5 Common Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids develop when the veins in and around the rectum become irritated and swollen. Most cases of hemorrhoids are not serious enough to warrant medical attention but they can be pretty painful and uncomfortable until the flare-up subsides.

They can occur for a multitude of reasons, but some of the most common causes of hemorrhoids are:


Excessive straining due to constipation is probably the most common cause of hemorrhoids. When straining to have a bowel movement, the veins in the rectum can become agitated and expand causing an outbreak of hemorrhoids. To avoid straining, only go to the bathroom when the urge hits and do not sit on the toilet any longer than necessary.

Also, try taking a fiber supplement or stool softener to help things flow smoother. Eating a healthy high fiber diet consisting of fruits, lean proteins and vegetables is also recommended.

Sitting For Extended Periods of Time

Sitting for long periods of time is another major cause for this condition to occur. When you sit for hours on end, your lower body is supporting all of your weight. This continuous pressure can lead to the veins becoming irritated and swollen, causing a flare-up.
To reduce the chances of this occurring, get up and stretch approximately once every hour for a few minutes. These little breaks can help significantly reduce the chance of hemorrhoids occurring.


Carrying excess weight can put additional strain on all parts of the body including the rear end. This extra weight can be a trigger for this condition to develop. To avoid this, you should try keeping your weight within a healthy range for your body size and type by exercising and eating healthier.

Low Fiber Diet

Not getting enough fiber in your diet leads to constipation, which leads to straining. Straining related to constipation is deemed to be the primary causes of hemorrhoids. Adding more fiber to your diet from fruits and vegetable or through fiber supplements can help to bulk up your stools and keep your digestive track flowing smoothly, lessening the chance of a flare-up occurring.


Pregnancy increases the chance of getting hemorrhoids because as the uterus gets larger, it puts more pressure on the veins and blood vessels in the pelvic and anal region which can cause hemorrhoids to become agitated and flare-up.
In addition, many women develop hemorrhoids during delivery because of the extreme pressure from pushing out the baby. In most cases pregnancy related hemorrhoids will go away on their own but if not, you will have to treat them with over the counter and home remedies.
If this does not work, you will have to consult with your doctor for other treatment options.

There are other reasons that this condition can occur, but these are five of the major causes of hemorrhoids.
Most cases can be treated from the comfort of your own home using simple home remedies or over the counter remedies such as witch hazel or topical creams.

To keep flare-ups from returning you should follow the above recommendations.
Doing these simple things, should help to keep hemorrhoids flare-ups to a minimum.
In addition, exercise regularly and add healthy fiber rich foods and at least eight glasses of water daily to your diet.

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